Muslim Refugees Returning to Srebrenica

Description

Some Muslim refugees felt it was safe enough for them to return to Srebrenica, where they used to live, to rebuild their houses. Other Muslim refugees never want to return to the town, because of the horror in July 1995.

Transcript
Muslim Refugees Returning to Srebrenica Narrator: One person hoping to make a go of it is Joulsa Nukic, who recently returned to her remote village home with her son Salco. They are living in a tent beside their burnt-out house. Salco Nukic: It feels good to have a tent to our own property. I'm hoping everything will be okay, and that now, we’ll have a better future. Joulsa Nukic: I'm happy here. The two of us are fine here. Salco Nukic: We always wanted to return because I feel happiest here. That’s why I decided to return earlier this year when I heard it was safe. Now we’ll see what’s going to happen and whether we can get our house repaired. Narrator: It’s taken considerable courage to come back. There used to be 20 families in this village. Today, Joulsa and Salco are the only residents. Salco lost his father and a brother when the village was ethnically cleansed by Serb soldiers. Salco Nukic: In this house lived a family of Muslims. The man was killed. In the house over there was another Muslim, he was also killed. He had three sons, two of them were killed, only the third son survived, this house is his. The same thing happened to everybody else in this village. This house belongs to a man who is still alive. He will come back. The house behind the white one belongs to a man who had a son and a wife, none of them survived. Only one old woman from this family survived, she is in an old people’s home. Narrator: Salco hopes his house will be repaired before the winter sets in. Yet for every family that has braved the memories and hardships and returned to Srebrenica and its villages, many more have not. The refugee is like this, two or three hours drive from Srebrenica, around 12,000 people are still living in limbo. Thousands of others are living in camps scattered across the rest of the country. They are turning into permanent settlements. Yet there’s terrible overcrowding and poverty and it’s the policy of the international aid agencies to encourage refugees to return home. Many are still terrified by the thought of returning. In the massacre of July ‘95, Nura Mujic lost 30 members of her extended family, including her father, husband, brothers and brothers–in-law. Her 14 years-old son Mohammed, is the only surviving male member of her family. Nura Mujic: When I go back to visit Srebrenica, the first thing I see is July ‘95, when we fled from our homes and were separated from our men. And when I go to see where our house once stood, my memory flashes back to the time before the war, and I think about what a good life we had. But most of all, I remember July ‘95, it was a day full of screaming, bombing, chaos. It’s not an experience you can ever forget. Narrator: Nura plans to build a new life, a safe distance from Srebrenica. Nura Mujic: When we came here, people welcomed us. If I can find some money, I’ll build a house, somewhere around here for my children, to give them a roof forward their heads. The problem is that there are so many people out to work around here and very few jobs, so it’s going to be difficult to find a way to support my family.
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